In late December, Congress earmarked $25 million in federal dollars to fund gun violence research, ending a virtual spending freeze that has stymied the field for more than two decades. There’s much we still don’t know about the nature of gun violence in America, even down to the number of people who are shot each year and survive. The new funding, however slight, offers hope that the contours of the problem, and its solutions, may soon begin to come into sharper focus.

The facts and figures below are an overview of what we did learn this year. They offer a lens into new research, striking trends, and the existing gaps in our understanding of an issue that continues to define our nation.