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National Rifle Association

A Guide to Every Known Investigation of the NRA

Here are all the facts about the six active inquiries into the gun rights group.

The National Rifle Association is caught up in a rapidly expanding tangle of congressional investigations — four launched in the first three months of 2019 alone. Investigators are scrutinizing the gun group’s ties to Kremlin-linked Russians and to Donald Trump’s presidential campaign, as well as several potential campaign finance violations exposed by The Trace.

Because it’s challenging to keep track of these probes, we’ve rounded them up below. We included only investigations that directly involve the NRA or its staff. We’ll keep this post updated to reflect the latest developments, and will add new investigations to the list, should they arise.

Senate Finance Committee

Financial ties to Russia

Launched February 2018

NRA
Maria Butina
Alexander Torshin

Senator Ron Wyden, the ranking member of the Senate Finance Committee, has sent a series of requests to the NRA and the Treasury Department seeking information about the gun group’s financial ties to Russian official Alexander Torshin and other Putin-linked politicians. After the arrest of self-confessed Russian agent Maria Butina in July, Wyden and committee members Sheldon Whitehouse and Bob Menendez followed up with the Treasury requesting further information about Butina’s financial links to the NRA. Butina later pleaded guilty to conspiring in the United States. Earlier this month, the Finance Committee launched a separate probe into a conservative think tank linked to Butina and Torshin. Senator Charles Grassley, who chairs the Finance Committee, has ties to the NRA.

Senate Intelligence Committee

Political ties to Russia

Launched November 2018

NRA
Maria Butina
Alexander Torshin
Sam Nunberg

An NRA delegation’s trip to Moscow in 2015 is under the scrutiny of the Senate Intelligence Committee, headed by Senators Richard Burr and Mark Warner, which in November requested documents about contacts with high-profile Russians during the excursion. In January, investigators grilled former Trump aide Sam Nunberg about the links between the Trump campaign, the NRA, and Russian nationals including Maria Butina. Burr, the committee’s chair, has received ample campaign support from the NRA.

House Oversight Committee

Trump administration security clearances

Launched January 2019

NRA
John Bolton

As part of a probe into security clearances issued by the Trump administration, House Oversight Committee Chairman Elijah Cummings has requested documents from the NRA regarding Trump national security advisor John Bolton’s contacts with Russia. In 2013, Bolton appeared in a video for The Right to Bear Arms, the Russian gun-rights group linked to Maria Butina and Alexander Torshin. He also headed the NRA’s subcommittee on international affairs, which Cummings has also requested information about. The Oversight Committee investigation came months after Cummings and Representative Stephen Lynch first sought information from the White House about Bolton’s ties to Russia.

House and Senate joint investigation

Campaign finance violations

Launched February 2019

NRA
Wayne LaPierre
OnMessage
Starboard Strategic
NMRP&P
Red Eagle

A joint House-Senate probe is investigating possible “illegal, excessive, and unreported in-kind donations” made by the NRA to Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and to several Republican Senate candidates. Sparked by The Trace’s reporting, Senator Sheldon Whitehouse and Congressman Jamie Raskin have contacted NRA Executive Vice President Wayne LaPierre and five campaign advertising vendors to request information about the groups’ relationships. “The evidence shows the NRA is moving money through a complex web of shell organizations to avoid campaign finance rules and boost candidates willing to carry their water,” Whitehouse told The Trace.

House Democrats

Political ties to Russia

Launched February 2019

NRA
Wayne LaPierre
Maria Butina
Alexander Torshin

Representatives Ted Lieu and Kathleen Rice, concerned by a “lack of transparency” around the NRA’s 2015 visit to Moscow and its other ties to Russia, have launched a new investigation intended to illuminate those connections. Another probe of the gun group’s Kremlin connections is underway in the Senate, but House Democrats, unlike their counterparts in the Senate, hold the majority required to issue subpoenas.

House Judiciary Committee

Trump administration corruption

Launched March 2019

NRA
Wayne LaPierre
Donald Trump

The NRA is among more than 80 organizations and individuals that received requests for documents as part of a wide-ranging House Judiciary Committee probe which aims to establish whether President Trump and those in his orbit have engaged in “obstruction of justice, public corruption, and other abuses of power.” A letter from committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler to NRA boss LaPierre demands information on the gun group’s contacts with and about Russia and the Trump campaign during the run-up to the 2016 election. The NRA has reportedly submitted nearly 1,500 pages of documents in response to the request.

A few other investigations bear mentioning. The subject of the NRA’s relationship with the Trump campaign arose during the special counsel’s interview of former Trump aide Sam Nunberg, while an inquiry by the House Intelligence Committee and the FBI’s reported investigation of Alexander Torshin both probed the gun group’s ties to Russia. Currently, there is no hard evidence that the NRA or its employees have been pulled into any of those probes. Watchdog organizations have filed a series of complaints with the Federal Election Commission regarding the NRA’s campaign finance activities, but it is not known whether the FEC has opened an investigation in response to these complaints.

We’ll update this post as new information comes to light.

Images: paparazzza/Shutterstock; AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite; Olivier Douliery/Abaca Press/SIPA/AP Images; Office by newstudiodesign10 from the Noun Project.